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Cakewalks in the Ragtime Era

Featuring Mississippi Rag (1897) by William Krell and Other Cakewalks and Earlier Rags

 

By Ted Tjaden

(originally published June 2006 and updated periodically)

 

Sheet music available on this page: See below to download or view (for free) over 145 cakewalk compositions
Recommended reading: Morgan, Thomas L. From Cakewalks to Concert Halls: An Illustrated History of African American Popular Music from 1895 to 1930. Washington, DC: Elliott & Clark Pub., 1992.

 

Cakewalks and cakewalk music were an important and likely necessary precursor in the late 1800's to the development of classic ragtime piano music. Although cakewalks and ragtime piano are technically distinct styles of music, they are often lumped together due to their similarities in origin and influences. Set out below on this page are the following links with more information on cakewalks in the ragtime era, including (free) links to over 145 pieces of cake walk sheet music:

1)  Introduction to Cake Walks in the Ragtime Era
2)  Recordings of Cakewalks
3)  Online Cake Walk Sheet Music
4)  Bibliography

 

1)  Introduction to Cake Walks in the Ragtime Era  [top]

Although the American cakewalk dates back to the early days of slavery, the cakewalk as a distinct music and dance style had its formal beginning in the 1870's and reached its peak of popularity at the end of the 19th century and early 20th century. Unlike classic piano ragtime, cakewalk music was meant to be danced to and often performed by a small orchestra or band. Although cakewalks were generally lightly syncopated, their melodies and harmonies were generally not as sophisticated as those found later in the classic rags of Joplin, Scott and Lamb.

It is thought that cakewalks were once called the "chalk-line walk", which "was a dance done by couples along a straight path, balancing buckets of water on their heads" (Haskins 1990:11). The form of dance evolved into a "cake" walk based on the fact that white slave owners awarded a "cake" to the best dancers among their slaves:

The cakewalk originated as a slave dance contest in the antebellum South. White slave owners were fond of awarding cakes to the best slave dancers at special social gatherings (Morgan and Barlow 1992:26).

The notion that prize winners would be awarded a cake is believed to be the origin of the sayings "that takes the cake" and it was a "piece of cake."

For a typical cakewalk "scene" (albeit, a racial stereotype), click on the cover to The Cake-Walk in the Sky (to the right).

Image  source: University of Colorado Digital Sheet Music Collection.

Cake Walk in the Sky Sheet Music Cover

As can be seen in the video below, cakewalking involved exaggerated steps with high kicks involved believed in part to be a "send up" by black slaves of the elitist mannerisms of their slave owners:

The dance was invented as a satirical parody of the formal European dances preferred by white slave owners, and featured exaggerated imitations of the dance ritual, combined with traditional African dance steps. One common form of cakewalk dance involved couples (one male and one female, with their arms linked at the elbows) lined up in a circle, dancing forward alternating a series of short hopping steps with a series of very high kicking steps. Costumes worn for the cakewalk often included large, exaggerated bowties, suits, canes, and top hats. (from the Wikipedia entry for "cakewalk")

 

 

Click here to view a 30 second video clip of the cake walkers.

Video capture from 1903 film of dancers dancing the cakewalk

Comedy Cake Walk. American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, 1903.

Source: The Library of Congress American Memory Project.

 

 

Two very early published cakewalks are Good Enough! (1871) and Walking For Dat Cake (1877):

Good Enough Sheet Music Cover

Good Enough!. Rollin Howard. Chicago, IL: Lyon & Healy, 1871.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Walking for dat Cake Sheet Music Cover

Walking For Dat Cake. David Braham (lyrics by Edward Harrigan). New York, NY: William A. Pond, 1877.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]


Jasen and Jones (2000:xxviii) identify Opelika Cakewalk from 1892 as the first composition published with "cakewalk" in the title, although Jasen (1997:iii) identified Rastus on Parade (1895) (below) by Kerry Mills as starting the cakewalk craze and also establishing the cakewalk music structure of beginning in a minor key and finishing in a major key. The Mississippi Rag (1897) (below) was the first piece of instrumental music published with the word "rag" in the title. Its composer was William H. Krell, a (white) band leader. The first rag published by a black composer, the Harlem Rag, by way of contrast, was published later in 1897 by Tom Turpin, a well-known saloon owner from St. Louis. There is some irony in The Mississippi Rag being the first instrumental rag published in print since the piece is really a "cakewalk" and not a classic rag. And even though The Mississippi Rag and Harlem Rag have their place in history as the first instrumental "rags" published, it has been pointed out, however, that ragtime was certainly known and played before 1897 (Gammond 1975:39).

The potential confusion or mislabeling of rags as cakewalks and vice versa arises in part because both forms of music are syncopated and have an "intoxicating" effect. Some rags included "cakewalk" in the title even though there were closer being a rag than a cakewalk (e.g., Scott Joplin's Swipesy Cake Walk, which is a rag); alternatively, the Mississippi Rag includes "rag" as part of its title, although it is a cakewalk. This labeling was likely done, in part, by the publisher to better promote the piece, depending on which form of music was more in vogue at the time.

 


It seems that cakewalks were not without controversy over the issue of whether it placed African-Americans in a stereo-typical light. In an 1893 edition of the Cleveland Gazette (see story to the right), a church pastor is chastised for allowing a cakewalk to occur in his church since cakewalks were "disgraceful relics of slavery days and should not be tolerated for a moment in intelligent Afro-American communities, to say nothing of churches".

 

Excerpt from 1893 Cleveland Gazette commenting on the evils of cakewalks

Source:
The Library of Congress American Memory Project

 

The effects of the cakewalk craze (and classic ragtime) did not escape Canadian listeners and composers where there was a minor boom itself in this sort of music. Typical of the Canadian version of cakewalk music would be The Cake Winner (1909) by G.W. Adams (below), although little is known about this composer or the piece. The earliest reference I could find in the Globe newspaper (Toronto) was an August 1, 1890 story (page 8) under the title "Colored People Jubilate Today":

This is Emancipation Day, and a number of our coloured citizens will jubilate in a benefitting manner at Berlin, in company with brethren from Hamilton, Chatham, Windsor, St. Catharines and other places . . . . There was an opening ball last night and this evening there will be a grand concert and cake walk.

A July 3, 1896, story in the Globe (page 2) describes a "sports meet" in Quebec where there is mention of a cake walk as entertainment at the event.

Finally, an August 21, 1899, story in the Globe describes a mass cakewalk at a summer party at the "cottage" north of Toronto of what I believe to be the summer home of Sir Henry Mill Pellatt:

Mr. and Mrs. Pellatt's annual at-home at Southwood Hall, Orillia, came off on Friday, August 11th. Mrs. Pellatt was desirous of introducing some new feature on the occasion and decided upon holding a "cake-walk." It was felt that this would be at the same time a novelty to the people of Orillia, and particularly gratifying to the national pride of the summer visitors, many of whom are from the Southern States . . . . At about 5:30 the Orillia Band, whose services had been secured for the occasion, broke into an energetic burst . . . . A detour among the shrubberies brought the procession in full view at the bottom of the lawn and the dancers advanced up the tennis court, two and two, in the cake walk step, to the ragtime music of the band.

The popularity of cakewalks spread even beyond North America to Europe where even Claude Debussy wrote Golliwog's Cakewalk (1908) (below), a "take" on the cakewalk from a classical composer's point of view.  Despite their simple nature, many cakewalks are enjoyable and fun to play and listen to.

Ultimately, however, the cakewalk craze gradually subsided as classic ragtime gained in popularity; in addition, new dance crazes, such as variations on the fox trot, were introduced prior to and during World War I and eclipsed the cakewalk, which by that time, must have seemed very dated and quaint.

Jasen and Jones (2000:xxix) sum up cakewalks in these terms:

In many of the best rags, especially those by Joplin and Lamb, there is a harmonic richness which gives them a hint of melancholy that is without counterpart in the cakewalk. The cakewalk was neither designed for introspection nor capable of it. It offers liveliness and nothing else.

For more information on cakewalks, there are a number of websites that discuss the cakewalk in more detail - see:

 

 

2) Recordings of Cakewalks   [top]

I can highly recommend the following CD by the Lake Arrowhead Early Jazz Band which contains 23 cakewalks played in the style of a small orchestra or military band:

  • Lake Arrowhead Early Jazz Band. The Cakewalk, 1897-1915. Stomp Off Records 1365. Purchase details (includes positive reviews by Jack Rummel and Eddie Cook).

 

3)  Online Cake Walk Sheet Music  [top]

Set out in the table below are links to the sheet music and sheet music covers to 149 cakewalks or ragtime-era compositions with the word "cakewalk" in the title. The list of compositions below is not exhaustive; I have not included every cakewalk song (i.e., cakewalks with lyrics) and I have also not included the more racially offensive compositions. To find sheet music for cakewalks not listed below, check out the various online sources of ragtime sheet music.


Online Sheet Music for Cakewalks

Picture of R. Nathaniel Dett

After the Cakewalk. Nathaniel Dett. Toronto, ON: Whaley, Royce & Co., 1900.

[view sheet music]

Alabama Dream (Rag-Time Cake Walk) Sheet Music Cover

Alabama Dream (Rag-Time Cake Walk). George D. Barnard. Cincinnati, OH: The John Church Company, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Alagazam! Cake Walk, March, and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Alagazam! Cake Walk, March, and Two Step. Abe Holzmann. New York, NY: Leo Feist, 1902.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Allonzo, Allons-y! Cakewalk

Allonzo, Allons-y! Cakewalk. Fernand Heintz. 1903.

[view sheet music]

Source: Le Passe Temps (Vol. 9, no 214 (6 juin 1903) at 157-59) as digitized by the National Library of Québec

At A Darktown Cakewalk Sheet Music Cover

At A Darktown Cakewalk. Charles Hale. Philadelphia, PA: Belmont Music Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

At a Georgia Camp Meeting Sheet Music Cover

At A Georgia Camp Meeting: A Characteristic March Which Can be Used Effectively as a Two-Step Polka or Cake Walk. Kerry Mills. New York, NY: F.A. Mills, 1897.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Audacious Arabella: Cake Walk March Sheet Music Cover

Audacious Arabella: Cake Walk March. Hanna Rion. New York, NY: F.A. Mills, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Photocopy from Center for Popular Music  [top]

Aunt Hannah: March and Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Aunt Hannah: March and Cake Walk. William Loraine. New York, NY: Hugo V. Schlam, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Detroit Public Library, E. Azalia Hackley Collection  [top]

Aunt Mandy's Wedding: March & Cake Walk First Page of Music

Aunt Mandy's Wedding: March & Cake Walk. Wm. H. Tyers. New York, NY: Jos. W. Stern, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Photocopy provided by Dave Kerr (England)  [top]

Aunt Minervy Anns: Cake Walk and Characteristic March Sheet Music Cover

Aunt Minervy Anns: Cake Walk and Characteristic March. Joseph St. John. Montreal, QC: Canadian Foreign Music Co., 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Library and Archives Canada  [top]

Bamboo Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Bamboo Cake Walk. C.G. McIntosh. Melbourne: Allan & Co., 1905.

[view sheet music]

Source: National Library of Australia Digital Collections   [top]

Belle of Richmond: Characteristic March and Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Belle of Richmond: Characteristic March and Cake Walk. Hans Liné. New York: Jos. W. Stern & Co., 1902.

[view sheet music]

Source: Photocopy from the New York State Library  [top]

Belle of the Cake Walk: March Sheet Music Cover

Belle of the Cake Walk: March. Lawrence B. O'Connor. Boston, MA: B.F. Wood Music Co., 1897.

[view sheet music]

Source: Photocopy from the New York State Library  [top]

Black Cinderella Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Black Cinderella Cake Walk. Florence Wood. Toledo, OH: Peter McCormick, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Blackville Society Cake Walk and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Blackville Society Cake Walk and Two Step. Bernard Franklin. Boston, MA: G.W. Setchell, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Bluffton Carnival Rag: Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Bluffton Carnival Rag: Cake Walk. Verdi Karns. Bluffton, IN: Verdi Karns, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

The Bos'n Rag: Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

The Bos'n Rag: Cake Walk. Fred S. Stone. Detroit, MI: Whitney Warner Pub. Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Detroit Public Library, E. Azalia Hackley Collection

The Brooklyn Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

The Brooklyn Cake Walk (also known as The Permans' Brooklyn Cake Walk). T.W. Thurban. Melbourne : Allan's, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: National Library of Australia Digital Collections   [top]

Bunch O' Blackberries: Cake - Walk & Two - Step Sheet Music Cover

Bunch O' Blackberries: Cake - Walk & Two - Step. Abe Holzmann. New York, NY: Feist & Frankenthaler, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

The Cake-Walk in the Sky Sheet Music Cover

The Cake-Walk in the Sky. Ben Harney. New York, NY: M. Witmark & Sons, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: University of Colorado Digital Sheet Music Collection   [top]

The Cake Walk Patrol: Two Step Sheet Music Cover

The Cake Walk Patrol: Two Step. W.H. Krell. Chicago, IL: The S. Brainard's Sons Co., 1895.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

The Cake Winner Sheet Music Cover

The Cake Winner. G.W. Adams. Toronto, ON: Amey & Hodgins, 1909. 

[view sheet music

Source:  Library and Archives Canada  [top]

Cover of Folio for Brun Campbell: The Music of "The Ragtime Kid"

Campbell Cakewalk. Brun Campbell (transcribed by Richard A. Egan, Jr.).  Sheet music available in Richard A. Egan, Jr., ed., Brun Campbell: The Music of "The Ragtime Kid" (St. Louis, MO: Morgan Publishing, 1993). Available for purchase from the editor: Richard Egan, Jr., 564 Woodlyn Crossing Manchester, Missouri 63021 USA (highly recommended).

Car-Barlick-Acid Rag Two-Step-Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Car-Barlick-Acid Rag: Two-Step-Cake Walk. Clarence C. Wiley. Detroit, MI: Jerome H. Remick & Co., 1905.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Careless Sam: Cake Walk & Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Careless Sam: Cake Walk & Two Step. John H. Davies. Kansas City, MO: J.W. Jenkins' Sons Music Company, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Kansas City Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Carlton Cake Walk

Carlton Cake Walk. Theo. Bonheur. Melbourne: Cassell & Co., [189-].

[view sheet music]

Source: National Library of Australia Digital Collections   [top]

Carolina Tar Heel Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Carolina Tar Heel Cake Walk. Dan Sullivan. New York, NY: White-Smith Music Pub. Co., 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Chocolate Drops Sheet Music Cover
Chocolate Drops: A Darktown Improbability. Suitable for March, Cake Walk or Two Step. Harry Von Tilzer. New York, NY: Harry Von Tilzer Music Publishing Co., 1902.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Colored Aristocracy: Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Colored Aristocracy: Cake Walk. Gus W. Bernard. Indianapolis, IN: D.H. Baldwin, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: University of South Carolina Sheet Music Collection  [top]

The Colored Major: Characteristic March And Two Sheet Music Cover

The Colored Major: Characteristic March And Two. Stephen R. Henry. New York, NY: The Lyceum Publishing Co., 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

A Coon Band Contest: Jazz Fox-Trot Sheet Music Cover

A Coon Band Contest: Jazz Fox-Trot. Arthur Pryor. New York, NY: Emil Ascher, 1918.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Coon Hollow Capers: Cake Walk & Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Coon Hollow Capers: Cake Walk & Two Step. Frank R. Gillis. New York, NY: Hugo V. Schlam, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Detroit Public Library, E. Azalia Hackley Collection

Coontown Jubilee: Rag Time Cake Walk, March and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Coontown Jubilee: Rag Time Cake Walk, March and Two Step. Leo Friedman. Chicago, IL: Sol Bloom, 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: Detroit Public Library, E. Azalia Hackley Collection

Coon-ville Festival Cakewalk Sheet Music Cover

Coon-ville Festival Cakewalk. Gus H. Kline. Chicago, IL: G.H. Kline, 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

The Cotton Pickers: Characteristic Rag Time, Two Step or Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

The Cotton Pickers: Characteristic Rag Time, Two Step or Cake Walk. Will Hardy. Haverhill, MA: Hardy Music Publishing Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Cotton Pickers Rag: Original Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Cotton Pickers Rag: Original Cake Walk. Wm. J. Braun. New Orleans, LA: Louis Grunewald Co. Ltd., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Creole Belles: March-Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

Creole Belles: March-Two-Step. J. Bodewalt Lampe. Detroit, MI: Whitney-Warner Publishing Co., 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Cuban Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Cuban Cake Walk. James T. Brymn. New York, NY: Richard A. Saalfield, 1901.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Dandy Dan: Two-Step & Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

Dandy Dan: Two-Step & Cake-Walk. Julian Fredericks. New York, NY: Jos. W. Stern & Co., 1909

[view sheet music]

Source: University of Colorado Digital Sheet Music Collection   [top]

The Darkies Delight: Two Step and Cakewalk Sheet Music Cover

The Darkies Delight: Two Step and Cakewalk. Samuel Lapin. Springfield, MA: A.H. Goetting, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

The Darkie's Drill: Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

The Darkie's Drill: Cake Walk. Agnes Melville. Boston, MA: Avon Music Company, 1902

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

Darktown C**n: Cake Walk

Darktown C**n: Cake Walk. Benoit F. Pourier. 1904.

[view sheet music]

Source: Le Passe Temps (Vol. 12, no 305 (1 décembre 1906) at 538-41) as digitized by the National Library of Québec

Darktown Excitement: March and Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Darktown Excitement: March and Cake Walk. William Brown. Baltimore, MD: George Willig & Co., 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Darktown Is Out To-Night: A Senegambian Review. March Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

Darktown Is Out To-Night: A Senegambian Review. March Two-Step. Will Marion. New York, NY: M. Witmark & Sons, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

De Coontown Jubilee: Cake Walk: An African Ragtime Oddity Sheet Music Cover

De Coontown Jubilee: Cake Walk: An African Ragtime Oddity. Clarence L. Partee. Kansas City, MO: C.L. Partee Music Co., 1897.

[view sheet music]

Source: Kansas City Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Democratic Fun: A Campaign Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

Democratic Fun: A Campaign Cake-Walk. Robert Buechel. Denver, CO: Tolbert R. Ingram Music Co., 1908.

[view sheet music]

Source: University of Colorado Digital Sheet Music Collection   [top]

Deo Gratias: Lucien!!! Cake-Walk

Deo Gratias: Lucien!!! Cake-Walk. Samuel Emmanuel Duguay. 1903.

[view sheet music]

Source: Le Passe Temps (Vol. 9, no 222 (26 septembre 1903) at 287) as digitized by the National Library of Québec

Dixie Flyer: Cakewalk and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Dixie Flyer: Cakewalk and Two Step. A.E. Henrich. Mt. Vernon, IN: A.E. Henrich, 1901.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Doc Brown's Cake Walk: Kansas City Rag

Doc Brown's Cake Walk: Kansas City Rag. Charles L. Johnson. Kansas City, MO: J.W. Jenkins' Sons, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Personal copy  [top]

Down on The Old Plantation: Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

Down on The Old Plantation: Cake-Walk. Bayard Wilson. Philadelphia, PA: M. D. Swisher, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

Dusky Dinah: Cake-walk and Patrol Sheet Music Cover

Dusky Dinah: Cake-walk and Patrol. Dan J. Sullivan. Boston, MA: Chas. Shackford 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Dusky Dudes Sheet Music Cover

Dusky Dudes. Jean Schwartz (lyrics by Will. A. Heelan). New York, NY: Shapiro, Bernstein & Von Tilzer, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: African-American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Brown University)  [top]

Dusky Troopers March & Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Dusky Troopers March & Cake Walk. Will Hardy. Havervill, MA: Premium Music, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Ebony Echoes: A Good Old-Fashioned Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

Ebony Echoes: A Good Old-Fashioned Cake-Walk. Dan Walker. New York, NY: Shapiro, Bernstein & Co., 1915.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Echoes From Old Kentucky: March, Two-Step and Cake Walk.

Echoes From Old Kentucky: March, Two-Step and Cake Walk. Mynnie Dillingham. Sydney: Alberts, 1901.

[view sheet music]

Source: Digital copy provided by Peter Persoff  [top]

Eli Green's Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Eli Green's Cake Walk: March & Two Step. Sadie Koninsky. New York, NY: Jos. W. Stern & Co., 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Eli Green's Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Eli Green's Cake Walk (song). Sadie Koninsky (words by Dave Reed). New York, NY: Jos. W. Stern & Co., 1896.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

An Ethiopian Mardi Gras. March, Two-Step and Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

An Ethiopian Mardi Gras. March, Two-Step and Cake Walk. Maurice Levi. New York, NY: The Rogers Bros. Music Publishing Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Freaks of Blackville: Cakewalk and Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

Freaks of Blackville: Cakewalk and Two-Step. Charles [Clarence?] W. Dalbey. Toronto: Harry H. Sparks, 1899

[view sheet music]

Source: Personal copy [top]

The German Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

The German Cake Walk. Paul Rubens. New York, NY: Sol Bloom, 1903.

[view sheet music]

Source: Library of Congress Sheet Music Collection (Music, Theatre and Dance)   [top]

Give Cinda the Cake: March and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Give Cinda the Cake: March and Two Step. Theo A. Metz. New York, NY: Edward Schuberth & Co., 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Golliwog's Cakewalk Sheet Music Cover

Golliwog's Cakewalk. Claude Debussy (1908).

[view sheet music]

Good Enough! Sheet Music Cover

Good Enough!. Rollin Howard. Chicago, IL: Lyon & Healy, 1871.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Hannah's Promenade: Characteristic March and Two-Step Dance

Hannah's Promenade: Characteristic March and Two-Step Dance. Jacob Henry Ellis. New York, NY: Willis Woodward, 1897.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

"Happy Hannah": Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

"Happy Hannah": Cake Walk. Theo Havermeyer. Chicago, IL: McKinley Music Co Place Pub., 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

Happy Hottentots: Cake - Walk Sheet Music Cover

Happy Hottentots: Cake - Walk. J. Fred O'Connor. Boston, MA: Chas. Shackford & Co., 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

Happy Mose Cake-Walk and Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

Happy Mose Cake-Walk and Two-Step. Phil Kussel. Cincinnati, OH: Philip Kussel, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Harlem Rag Sheet Music Cover
Harlem Rag. Tom Turpin (revised and arr. by W.H. Tyers). New York, NY: Jos. W. Stern & Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: University of Colorado Digital Sheet Music Collection   [top]

Harriman Cake Walk - Fox Trot Sheet Music Cover

Harriman Cake Walk - Fox Trot. Lee S.  Roberts. Chicago, IL: Lee S. Roberts Pub. Co., 1915.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

High Yellow Cake Walk and Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

High Yellow Cake Walk and Two-Step. F. Henri Klickmann. Chicago, IL: Frank K. Root & Co, 1915.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Hello My Baby! Sheet Music Cover

Hello My Baby! Joseph E. Howard (lyrics by Ida Emerson). New York, NY: T.B. Harms, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

His Rag-Time Walk Won the Prize Sheet Music Cover

His Rag-Time Walk Won the Prize. Nathan Bivins. New York, NY: Hugo V. Schlam, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: African-American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Brown University)  [top]

Hoe-Cake Shuffle: A Characteristic Virginia Dance Sheet Music Cover

Hoe-Cake Shuffle: A Characteristic Virginia Dance. Claudia Jenkins. Boston, MA: B.F. Wood Music Co., 1903.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Hog-Town Pig-Aninnies: Two-Step Cake-Walk: A Very Warm Number Sheet Music Cover

Hog-Town Pig-Aninnies: Two-Step Cake-Walk: A Very Warm Number. Edmund Braham. New York, NY: Edmund Braham, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

The Honey Boy Cakewalk Sheet Music Cover

Honey Boy: Cake Walk. M. Cadenza. Los Angeles, CA: R.L. Durant, 1901.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Hop-Lee: A Chinese Cake Walk for Piano Sheet Music Cover

Hop-Lee: A Chinese Cake Walk for Piano. Ellis R. Ephraim. Baltimore, MD: P.J. Lammers, 1901.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Hot off the Griddle: Novelty Cakewalk Sheet Music Cover

Hot off the Griddle: Novelty Cakewalk. James White. Chicago, IL: Frank K. Root, 1915.

[view sheet music]

Source: Personal copy [top]

A Hot Old Time in Dixie Sheet Music Cover

A Hot Old Time in Dixie. Nat. Rothman. New York, NY: New York Music Publishing Co., 1904.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

A Hot Old Time in Ragtown: Characteristic Cakewalk Sheet Music Cover

A Hot Old Time in Ragtown: Characteristic Cakewalk. Charles B. Brown (arranged by Lewis Reiterman). Chicago, IL: Will Rossiter, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Huckleberry Finn Cake Walk Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

Huckleberry Finn Cake Walk Two-Step. H.S. Brennan. Philadelphia, PA: Jos. Morris, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Hula Hula Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Hu-la Hu-la Cake Walk. Egbert van Alstyne. Omaha, NB: A. Hospe, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Digital copy provided by Peter Persoff  [top]

Hunky-Dory: Characteristic Cake Walk, March, and Two Step Sheet Music Cover
Hunky-Dory: Characteristic Cake Walk, March, and Two Step. Abe Holzmann. New York, NY: Leo Feist, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Impecunious Davis: Characteristic Two-Step, March and Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

Impecunious Davis: Characteristic Two-Step, March and Cake-Walk. Kerry Mills. New York, NY: F.A., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

In Ole Alabam: Rag Time Cake Walk and Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

In Ole Alabam: Rag Time Cake Walk and Two-Step. Hortensia Weisman. Albany, NY: Henry P. Volgel, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Photocopy from the New York State Library  [top]

Jasper Jenkins: Characteristic Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

Jasper Jenkins: Characteristic Two-Step. Henry P. Vogel. Albany, NY: Henry P. Vogel, 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: African-American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Brown University)  [top]

Jemima's Wedding Day: Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Jemima's Wedding Day: Cake Walk. Martin Saxx (words by Jere O'Halloran). Boston, MA: Saxx Music Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Jolly Pickanninies: Cake Walk and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Jolly Pickanninies: Cake Walk and Two Step. Ernst Rueffer. New York, NY: E. Rueffer, 1905.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Jolly Sam: March & Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Jolly Sam: March & Cake Walk. Russell A Dickinson. Boston, MA: Tremont Music Pub. Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

A Jolly South Carolina Cake Walk. March and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

A Jolly South Carolina Cake Walk: March and Two Step. Henry F. Volmer. Philadelphia, PA: J.F. Bellois, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Keep Moving Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Keep Moving Cake Walk. William White. New York, NY: Jos. W. Stern, 1915.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

The Kentucky Cornhuskers: Two Step March and Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

The Kentucky Cornshuckers: Two Step March and Cake Walk. Alfred Rosenberg. New York: Gagel Bros., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Photocopy from the New York State Library  [top]

Laughing Lucas: Characteristic March and Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

Laughing Lucas: Characteristic March and Two-Step. Florence McPherran. Chicago, IL: Ellis Music Co., 1901.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Limber Libby: Characteristic March, Two Step and Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Limber Libby: Characteristic March, Two Step and Cake Walk. Edward J. Hogben. New Haven, CT: Edward J. Hogben, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Copy from University of Toronto Music Library   [top]

A Little on the Rag-Time (Makes the Piano Talk): Cake walk, March and Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

A Little on the Rag-Time (Makes the Piano Talk): Cake walk, March and Two-Step. S.G. Kiesling. New York, NY: C.H. Ditson, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Liza Skinner: De Cake-Walk Winner Sheet Music Cover

Liza Skinner: De Cake-Walk Winner. N.H. Moray. Detroit, MI: Zickel Bros., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: African-American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Brown University)  [top]

Looney Coons: Cake Walk & Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Looney Coons: Cake Walk & Two Step. John T. Hall. New York, NY: John T. Hall Music Publishing Co., 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Loquatias Moll: Characteristic Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Loquatias Moll: Characteristic Cake Walk. Sam Bennett and Theodore H. Northrup. New York, NY: Armstrong Music, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Ma Tiger Lily Sheet Music Cover

Ma Tiger Lily. A.B. Sloane. New York, NY: M. Witmark & Sons, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: UCLA Archive of Popular Music  [top]

The Main Gazabo at a Corn Party: Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

The Main Gazabo at a Corn Party: Cake Walk. Chris Praetorius. New York, NY: Crown Music, 1903.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Miss Cinda's Walk Two-Step and Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

Miss Cinda's Walk Two-Step and Cake-Walk. Samuel Lapin. Philadelphia, PA: H.L. Morris, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Mississippi Rag Sheet Music Cover
Mississippi Rag. William H. Krell. New York, ny: S. Brainard's Sons, 1897.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

The Mississippi Side-Step: March and Cake Walk Sheet Music Company

The Mississippi Side-Step: March and Cake Walk. Leo E. Berliner. New York, NY: Berliner & Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

The Mobile Prance: Characteristic March, Cakewalk or Polka Sheet Music Cover

The Mobile Prance: Characteristic March, Cakewalk or Polka. Chas. B. Brown. Milwaukee, WI: Chas. K. Harris, 1901.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Mumblin' Moss: American Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

Mumblin' Moss: American Cake-Walk. T.W. Thurban. Melbourne: Allan's, 1902.

[view sheet music]

Source: National Library of Australia Digital Collections   [top]

Nicodemus and His Banjo: Cake-walk March & Two Step Sheet Music Cover
Nicodemus and His Banjo: Cake-walk March & Two Step. E. Ascher. New York, NY: Standard Music Company, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Noires et blanches: cake-walk

Noires et blanches: cake-walk. Beauchamp. Jos. 1904.

[view sheet music]

Source: Le Passe Temps (Vol. 10, no 236 (9 avril 1904) at 94- 95) as digitized by the National Library of Québec

Old Jasper's Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Old Jasper's Cake Walk. Saint Suttle. New York, NY: S. Brainard's Sons Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

An Old Virginia Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

An Old Virginia Cake Walk. Louise V. Gustin. Detroit, MI: Belcher & Davis, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Ole Eph's Vision: A Characteristic March (Two-Step Polka or Cake Walk) Sheet Music Cover

Ole Eph's Vision: A Characteristic March (Two-Step Polka or Cake Walk). Lee Orean Smith. Williamsport, PA: Vandersloot Music Pub. Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Parson Johnson's Rag-Time Mule: A Characteristic Two Step and Cakewalk Sheet Music Cover

Parson Johnson's Rag-Time Mule: A Characteristic Two Step and Cakewalk. E.E. Huston. Denver, CO: Tolbert R. Ingram Music Co., 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: University of Colorado Digital Sheet Music Collection   [top]

Phoebe Thompson's Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Phoebe Thompson's Cake Walk. Sadie Koninsky. New York, NY: Edw. M. Koninsky & Bros., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

Pickaninny Shuffle Sheet Music Cover

Pickaninny Shuffle. Emma Y. Suckert. Detroit, MI: Central Music Pub. Co., 1896.

[view sheet music]

Source: The E. Azalia Hackley Collecttion, Detroit Public Library

Pickin' On De Ole Banjo: Old Fashion Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover
Pickin' On De Ole Banjo: Old Fashion Cake Walk. Henry Widmer. New York, NY: Chas. K. Harris, 1915.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Policy Sam: Cake Walk & Two Step Sheet Music Cover
Policy Sam: Cake Walk & Two Step. Joseph Gioscia. New York, NY: T.B. Harms & Co., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Pop-corn: Cake Walk & Two Step Sheet Music Cover
Pop-corn: Cake Walk & Two Step. May Summerbelle. Australia?: s.n., 189-?.

[view sheet music]

Source: National Library of Australia Digital Collections   [top]

Possum Hall Rag: Cake Walk and Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

Possum Hall Rag: Cake Walk and Two-Step. Bennett F. Fritch. Copyright: Bennett F. Fritch, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Personal copy [top]

Prancin Jimmy: A Rag Time Dream: Characteristic Cake Walk and Two Step Sheet Music Cover
Prancin Jimmy: A Rag Time Dream: Characteristic Cake Walk and Two Step. E. B. Claypoole. Baltimore, MD: Cohen & Hughes, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Prancing Pickaninnies Sheet Music Cover

Prancing Pickaninnies: Cake Walk. Max Dreyfus. St. Louis, MO: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Rag Knots: A Cake Walk and Two-Step

Rag Knots: A Cake Walk and Two-Step. W.C. Coleman. Galveston, TX: Thos. Goggan & Bro, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Digital copy provided by Peter Persoff  [top]

Ragelies: Two Step or Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover
Ragelies: Two Step or Cake Walk. W.M. Fassbinder. St Paul, MN: W.M. Fassbinder, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Copy from University of Toronto Music Library [top]

A Ragtime Masquerade: Cake Walk and Two Step Sheet Music Cover
A Ragtime Masquerade: Cake Walk and Two Step. Philip J. Meahl. Chicago, IL: John Allen, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: Detroit Public Library, E. Azalia Hackley Collection

A Rag-Time Skedaddle: March & Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

A Rag-Time Skedaddle: March & Cake Walk. George Rosey. New York, NY: J.W. Stern, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Rastus on Parade Sheet Music Cover

Rastus on Parade. Kerry Mills. F.A. Mills, 1895.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Rastus Thompson's Rag-Time Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Rastus Thompson's Rag-Time Cake Walk. Harry Von Tilzer (words by Andrew B. Sterling). New York, NY: Jos. W. Stern & Co., 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: African-American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Brown University)  [top]

Raz Ma Taz: Cake Walk & Two-Step; What it is? Sheet Music Cover

Raz Ma Taz: Cake Walk & Two-Step; What it is? William H. Smith. New York, NY: George M. Krey, 1901.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Remus Takes the Cake: Characteristic March and Two Step Dance: A Southern Melody Sheet Music Cover

Remus Takes the Cake: Characteristic March and Two Step Dance: A Southern Melody. Jacob Henry Ellis. New York, NY: Willis Woodward & Co., 1896.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Sambo at the Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Sambo at the Cake Walk. Alfred C. Marks.New York, NY: C. Schuster & Son, 1896.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Simple Simon: Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Simple Simon: Cake Walk. Louise L. Howarde. Sydney: Mason's Music Stores, 1906.

[view sheet music]

Source: National Library of Australia Digital Collections   [top]

Smokey Mokes: Cake Walk and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Smokey Mokes: Cake Walk and Two Step. Abe Holzmann. New York, NY: Feist & Frankenthaler, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Sourires printaniers: marche ou cake walk

Sourires printaniers: marche ou cake walk. Auguste Bosc. 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Le Passe Temps (Vol. 5, no 105 (1 avril 1899) at 73- 75) as digitized by the National Library of Québec

South Car'lina Tickle: Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

South Car'lina Tickle: Cake Walk. Adam Geibel. Philadelphia, PA: Theodore Presser 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Stuttering Jasper: March and Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Stuttering Jasper: March and Cake Walk. Robt. Cohn. New York, NY: F.A. Mills, Music Publisher, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

The Sun Do Move: Cake Walk and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

The Sun Do Move: Cake Walk and Two Step. John Stromberg. New York, NY: Weber, Fields & Stromberg, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Swipesy Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Swipesy Cake Walk. Scott Joplin and Arthur Marshall. St. Louis, MO: John Stark and Son, 1900.

[view sheet music]

Source: IN Harmony: Sheet Music from Indiana  [top]

Too Much is Plenty: An Ideal Southern Two-Step and Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Too Much is Plenty: An Ideal Southern Two-Step and Cake Walk. Henry Tiedemann. Galveston, TX: Thos. Goggan & Bros., 1906.

[view sheet music]

Source: Charles H. Templeton Sheet Music Collection (MSU)  [top]

Trombone Johnsen: Rag Time Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

Trombone Johnsen: Rag Time Cake Walk. E.J. Stark. St. Louis, MO: John Stark & Son, Sheet Music Publishers, 1902.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Uncle Jasper's Jubilee: Dance Characteristique Sheet Music Cover

Uncle Jasper's Jubilee: Dance Characteristique. E. T Paull. New York, NY: E. T. Paull Music Co., 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

Uncle Jerry's New England Two-Step and Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

Uncle Jerry's New England Two-Step and Cake-Walk. J.C. Rhell. Philadelphia, PA: Standard Music Publishing Co., 1907.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Uncle Rufus' Cake-Walk: Characteristic March and Two Step Sheet Music Cover

Uncle Rufus' Cake-Walk: Characteristic March and Two Step. Ellis R. Ephraim. Baltimore, MD: The Baltimore Music Co., 1898.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Reve de bonheur valse

Le vrai cake-walk. Leon Dequin. 1904.

[view sheet music] [listen to an .mp3]

Source: Le Passe Temps (Vol. 10, no 239 (21 mai 1904) at 136-39) as digitized by the National Library of Québec

Walkin' on de Rainbow Road Sheet Music Cover

Walkin' on de Rainbow Road. S.M. Roberts. Philadelphia, PA: M.D. Swisher, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Walking for Dat Cake Sheet Music Cover

Walking for Dat Cake. David Braham (lyrics by Edward Harrigan). New York, NY: William A. Pond, 1877.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

A Warm Proposition: Cake Walk Sheet Music Cover

A Warm Proposition: Cake Walk. Paul J Knox and Monroe H. Rosenfeld. Brooklyn, NY: Chas. W. Held, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

Image of First Page of Sheet Music for "A Warm Proposition: Greatest Cake Walk Ever"

A Warm Proposition: Greatest Cake Walk Ever. James B. Glionna. Toronto, ON: H.H. Sparks, 1901.

[view sheet music]

Source:Toronto Reference Library Microfiche   [top]

A Warm Reception: Characteristic March, Two-Step and Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

A Warm Reception: Characteristic March, Two-Step and Cake-Walk. Bert R. Anthony. Fall River, MA: G. H. Munroe & Co Place Pub., 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Maine Music Box  [top]

A Warmin' Up in Dixie: Cake Walk, March and Two Step: Sheet Music Cover

A Warmin' Up In Dixie: Cake Walk, March and Two Step. E.T. Paull. New York, NY: E.T. Paull, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Way Down South: Characteristic March, Cake-Walk and Two-Step Sheet Music Cover

Way Down South: Characteristic March, Cake-Walk and Two-Step. L.S. Fisher. Boston, MA: G.W. Setchell, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920 (from Duke University)  [top]

Whistling Rufus: A Characteristic March Sheet Music Cover

Whistling Rufus: A Characteristic March. Kerry Mills. New York, NY: F.A. Mills, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Lester S. Levy Sheet Music Collection  [top]

Yon Yonson's Version of a Cake-Walk Sheet Music Cover

Yon Yonson's Version of a Cake-Walk. Jay V. Youmans. Platteville, WI: Jay V. Youmans, 1899.

[view sheet music]

Source: Photocopy from University of Wisconsin-Madison Library  [top]

I am currently looking for copies of the following pieces, set out in rough chronological order; if I obtain copies, I will digitize them and add them to the table above:

  • 1892: Opelika Cakewalk
  • 1899: The Honolulu Cake Walk: A Characteristic March. J. W. Lerman.New York, NY: N. Weinstein, 1899 (Source: NLA).
  • 1900: Insignificant Thompson: A Swell Cake Walk And Daisy Two Step. James B. Glionna. Toronto, ON: Harry H. Sparks, 1900. 
  • 1901:Smiling Remus. E. Raymond Howe. 
  • 1901: Syncopated Rags: An Original Cake Walk. Charles H. Rose (Available in print at University of Colorado)
  • 1902: A Barn Dance Shuffle: A Rag Time Cake Walk. Wade Harrison (Available in print at University of Colorado)
  • 1902: Easy Pickin’s: Characteristic Dance and Cake-Walk. Egbert A.Van Alstyne (Available in print at University of Colorado
  • 1902: Kitchy Coo: Cake Walk March. Gus Edwards. New York, NY: Mills Music Publisher Inc., 1902 (Source: NLA).
  • 1902: Razzle Dazzle: Characteristic Cake Walk & Two Step. Harry Von Tilzer (Available in print at University of Colorado)
  • 1902: Way Down South: Characteristic March and Cake Walk. Paul Rubens (Available in print at University of Colorado)
  • 1902: Zig Zag: Cake Walk: Two-Step March. Cloyd H. Duncan. S.l.: s.n., 1902 (NYPL).
  • 1903: At A Niagara Camp Meeting: Cake Walk And Two Step. James B. Glionna. Toronto, ON: Canadian American Music, 1903.
  • 1903: Boston Banjo Band: Cake Walk Two Step. M.C. Ives. London: W. H. Broome, 1903. (Source: NLA).
  • 1917: Fun on the Levee: Cake Walk. Charles L. Johnson. Chicago, IL: F.J.A. Forster Music Publisher, 1917. Sheet music available in Philip A. Stewart, ed. Rags and Other Riches From Charles L. Johnson. Paola, KS: Philip A. Stewart, 1995.

 

4)  Bibliography   [top]

  • Berlin, Edward A. Ragtime: A Musical and Cultural History. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1980.
  • Emery, Lynne Fauley. Black Dance in the United States from 1619 to Today. 2nd rev. ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Book Company, 1988.
  • Fletcher, Tom. The Tom Fletcher Story: 100 Years of the Negro in Show Business. New York, NY: Burdge and Co., 1954.
  • Gammond, Peter. Scott Joplin and the Ragtime Era. London: Angus & Robertson, 1975.
  • Gottschild, Brenda Dixon. The Black Dancing Body: A Geography from Coon to Cool. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
  • Haskins, James. Black Dance in America: A History Through its People. New York, NY: Harper Trophy, 1990.

  • Hitchcock, H. Wiley and Pauline Norton. "Cakewalk," Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (Accessed 02 April 2006), <http://www.grovemusic.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca>
  • Jasen, David A., ed. Cakewalks, Two-Steps and Trots for Solo Piano: 34 Popular Works from the Dance-Craze Era. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1997. Publication details.
  • Jasen, David A. and Gene Jones. That American Rag: The Story of Ragtime from Coast to Coast. New York: Schirmer Books, 2000.
  • Long, Richard A. Black Dance: The Black Tradition in American Modern Dance. New York, NY: Rizzoli, 1989.
  • Lotz, Rainer E. German Ragtime & Prehistory of Jazz. Chigwell, England: Storyville, 1985.
  • McKinley, Ann. "Debussy and American Minstrelsy" (1986) 14(3) The Black Perspective in Music 249-58 (JSTOR).
  • Morgan, Thomas L. and William Barlow. From Cakewalks to Concert Halls: An Illustrated History of African American Popular Music from 1895 to 1930. Washington, DC: Elliott & Clark Pub., 1992.
  • "Ragtime" in Encyclopedia of Music in Canada. Historica Foundation of Canada, 2006. Available online.
  • Septoff, L. "Coon Songs and Cakewalks: Ragtime Antecedents" (1983) 3 Jazz Research Papers (NAJE) 106-13.
  • Stearns, M. and J. Stearns. Jazz Dance: The Story of American Vernacular Dance (New York, 1968)
  • Sutton, A. Cakewalks, Rags and Novelties: The International Ragtime Discography (1894-1930).
  • Walker, Edward Samuel. English Ragtime: A Discography. Woodthorpe, England: Edward S. Walker, 1971.


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This site created by Ted Tjaden. Page last updated: October 20, 2013.